Regulatory approval must be planned for each project – international or national. Internationally, however, it can be more difficult to understand what permits are required. The planning process must be followed far enough to detect regulatory barriers. For example, if a project has mobilized equipment and personnel to clean up the site, but does not have the required regulatory approval, there will be a delay. First and foremost, all parties must guarantee the secrecy, neutrality and transparency of the external electoral programme, without local political or state interference or interference. Host country agreements must also protect the integrity of the constitution and electoral laws of the country where the election is being held. External coordination programmes should be designed to reflect as closely as possible the administrative activities of the country of origin. In February 1959, transnational oil companies decided to reduce the prices of Venezuelan crude oil by 5 to 25 cents per barrel and those of Middle Eastern crude oil by 18 cents per barrel. In August 1960, oil companies further lowered the prices of crude oil from the Middle East by 10 to 14 cents per barrel.

(2) At the time, these were substantial percentage reductions. The two successive cuts were adopted without prior consultation with the governments concerned. The only reason for these price reductions was the state of the market, a market largely monopolized by these companies. These measures were clearly in the interests of companies and their countries of origin and did not take into account the national interests of oil-exporting developing countries. However, in developing countries, there may not be a clear process. This requires proactive dialogue that gives host country officials what they need to approve your project. For example, the host country may not have a procedure in place to conduct an environmental impact assessment. In this case, you can consult your company`s expert (or, if applicable, a consultant) to develop a convenient, no-frills process that meets your requirements and recognized international standards. This proposal can be presented to local officials for their input and hopefully their final approval. The actors who help carry out the electoral programmes outside the country and the parties who sign formal agreements with the country holding the election vary.

Agreements may be signed with host Governments, United Nations missions, local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) or third parties. The model of global support, where the need is great and the capacity of the host government is lacking, as in the Central African Republic or South Sudan Examples of agreements in host countries are those signed in the context of the 2004 presidential elections in Afghanistan – the largest external electoral programme to date in terms of the number of registered voters and external voter turnout. The Government of Afghanistan and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) have signed two Memoranda of Understanding with the Governments of Iran and Pakistan respectively. These memoranda of understanding provided that the two host governments would provide broad support to the external electoral programme, including security of registration and election centres, escorts for the transport of election materials, and support for civic education and public information campaigns. Meanwhile, Mexico is implementing a new model services contract to boost additional investment in the E&P sector. Years ago, Mexico recognized the limitations of attracting foreign investment in its existing legal system and made several amendments to the PEMEX Law and related regulations in 2008. Finally, Mexico has developed a new model services agreement to implement the 2008 reforms, which would have been approved at the time of publication of this special issue […].